What are the medical benefits of cannabis?

Years of research has yielded results which suggest that cannabis may be of benefit in the treatment of some conditions which are listed below.

Chronic pain

Medical marijuana has been studied to treat chronic pain. In the U.S, chronic pain is the leading cause of disability, affecting more than 25 million adults. Studies have revealed that marijuana or products containing cannabinoids, which are the active ingredients of marijuana, are known to act on the pain receptors of the brain, making them useful in redressing chronic pain.

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Alcoholism and drug addictions

Although a comprehensive study revealed that intake of marijuana could help people with alcohol or opioid dependencies fight against their habits, this finding may be contentious as further investigations show that regular consumption of marijuana can comparatively increase the risk of abusing other substances and becoming more dependent on it. It is also observed that more the user takes marijuana; the more likely they are to develop a substance abuse problem with marijuana.

Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder and social anxiety

Studies have been conducted to check the effect of marijuana on the treatment of mental illness. Evidence supporting the fact has been observed although marijuana has been found to not be an appropriate treatment for a specific mental illness such as bipolar disorder or psychosis. The evidence in support of marijuana treatment for mental illness states that marijuana use can alleviate symptoms of social anxiety. This is again contradicted by another study which indicates that regular users of marijuana are at increased risk of social anxiety.

 

Cancer

There is sufficient evidence suggesting that oral cannabinoids are quite useful in tackling issues against nausea and vomiting sourced from chemotherapy. Smoking marijuana can help alleviate these symptoms as indicated by case studies. Relevant studies of the effects of marijuana on cancer suggest that cannabinoids can be useful in slowing down or even killing off a certain type of cancerous cells. This hypothesis states that it is helpful in small measures and is a relatively safe treatment. That being said, it is not effective in controlling or curing cancer.

Multiple sclerosis

Marijuana use has been found to display moderate positive effects in people with multiple sclerosis, although short-term use of oral cannabinoids can enhance symptoms of spasticity.

Epilepsy

As of recent times, the FDA or Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of medicine containing cannabidiol or CBD to redress two severe types of epilepsy, namely Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome. These syndromes are comparatively difficult to control other types of medication. The CBD infused based drug is known as Epidiolex.